100 Greatest Discoveries – Physics

 

100greatestdiscoveriesphysics

 

This episode recounts thirteen important discoveries in physics, including Galileo’s law of falling bodies, Isaac Newton’s laws of motion, and Albert Einstein’s theory of special relativity.

 

 

The Hungerford Massacre

 

thehungerfordmassacre2

 

A shocking documentary recalling eyewitness accounts about one of the worst crimes ever commited in British history.

The event that has come to be known as the “Hungerford Massacre” took place in Hungerford, Berkshire, England, on one August afternoon in 1987. The killer, 27-year-old Michael Robert Ryan, armed with two semi-automatic rifles and a handgun, shot and killed sixteen people – including his mother – before turning a gun on himself. It remains one of the worst shooting atrocities in British history.

 

 

Crimes that shook the world: The Wests

 

fredandrosewest

 

Frederick Walter Stephen West, was an English serial killer. Between 1967 and 1987, he alone, and later, he and his wife Rosemary, tortured, raped and murdered at least 11 young women and girls, many at the couple’s homes 25 Midland Road and later 25 Cromwell Street respectively. Rosemary West also murdered Fred’s stepdaughter (his first wife’s biological daughter) Charmaine, while he was serving a prison sentence for theft. The majority of the murders occurred between May 1973 and August 1979 at their home in 25 Cromwell Street, Gloucester.

The pair were finally apprehended and charged in 1994. Rose West was jailed for life, in November 1995, after having been found guilty on 10 counts of murder. Fred West was never convicted of any murders, however, having committed suicide while on remand 10 months earlier. Their house at Cromwell Street was demolished in 1996 and the space converted into a landscaped footpath, connecting the street to St. Michael’s Square.

 

 

Mad Dog: Inside the Secret World of Muammar Gaddafi

 

maddog

 

Told by those who directly served the late Libyan dictator, from nuclear smugglers to hit men on the run, to virgin bodyguards, Mad Dog: The Secret World of Gaddafi is a study in the exercise of absolute power, revealing how the “Mad Dog” of the Middle East used his oil billions to manipulate and terrorize the world. The documentary airs on the eve of Libya’s trial of Gaddafi’s sons and his former spy chief for charges ranging from murder to embezzlement.

Colonel Gaddafi was called Mad Dog by Ronald Reagan. His income from oil was a billion dollars a week. No other dictator had such sex appeal and no other so cannily combined oil and the implied threat of terror to turn Western powers into cowed appeasers.

When he went abroad – bedecked in fake medals from unfought wars – a bulletproof tent was flown ahead, along with camels that would be tethered outside. His sons lived a Dolce & Gabbana lifestyle – one kept white tigers, while another commissioned a $500 million cruise liner with a shark pool.

Like other tyrants, Gaddafi used torture and murder to silence opposition, but what made his rule especially terrifying was that death came so casually. A man who complained that Gaddafi had an affair with his wife was allegedly tied between two cars and torn in half. On visits to schools and orphanages Gaddafi would tap underage girls on the head to show his henchmen which ones he wanted. They would be taken to his palace and abused. Young boys were held in tunnels under the palace.

Yet because of his vast oil lake there seemed no limit to Western generosity. British intelligence trapped one of his enemies overseas and sent him to Libya as a gift. The same week, Tony Blair arrived in Libya and a huge energy deal was announced.

Filmed in Cuba, the Pacific, Brazil, the US, South Africa, Libya and Australia, the cast of this documentary consists of palace insiders and those who gave shape to Gaddafi’s dark dreams. They include a fugitive from the FBI who helped kill his enemies worldwide; the widow of the Libyan foreign minister whose body Gaddafi kept in a freezer; and a female bodyguard who adored him until she saw teenagers executed. Gaddafi was a dictator like no other; their stories are stranger than fiction.

A Fresh One production for BBC and Showtime, Mad Dog: The Secret World of Gaddafi is directed and filmed by Christopher Olgiati. Executive Producer is Roy Ackerman.

The trial of two surviving sons and top aides of toppled Libyan dictator Colonel Muammar Gaddafi is scheduled to open on April 14, 2014. Sief and Saadi Gaddafi, as well as Gaddafi’s former spy chief and two premiers, are among the more than 30 officials from the ousted regime who are to stand trial on charges that include murder, kidnapping, complicity in incitement to rape, plunder, sabotage and embezzlement.

 

Part 1

 

 

Part 2

 

 

Sphinx – Mystery in Stone

 

sphinxstatue

 

Despite its reputation as one of the most famous monuments of antiquity, there is still very little known about the Great Sphinx of Giza. Egyptologists might have a small understanding of why the statue was built, but when, how, and by who is still shrouded in mystery. The pharaoh Khafra is the main suspect, which would date the structure back to around 2500 BC, but other scientists have argued that evidence of water erosion of the statue suggests that it is much older and perhaps even predated the dynastic era of the Egyptians. This theory has few modern adherents, but if true it would mean the Great Sphinx of Giza is even more mysterious than previously believed.

 

 

Iraq, the Cradle of Civilization

 

Iraq

 

After thousands of years as a hunter/gatherer, man built the first cities 5,000 years ago on the banks of the Euphrates in Southern Iraq. Civilization began. City life transformed the human race with the glorious cultures of Mesopotamia such as Ur, and Babylon.